The traditional toy of the Russian population of the Perm Territory, including the traditional doll, is hardly explored by ethnographers. The basis of this section, as well as other essays of the book, were field materials of the authors obtained in different districts of the Perm Prikamye. Russians make up the majority of the population of the Perm Prikamye, settled in a large area, and are represented by different ethno-territorial and local groups. This partly explains the variety of technologies and designs of the doll, the many options for its design and use in the game. As you look for how to carve a nesting doll you can have the smartest deal here.
The right Dialect
Dialect vocabulary associated with the name of children’s toys, dolls, does not appear in Perm dialects deployed. The term doll to designate an anthropomorphic toy is known everywhere, except for it the following nominations such as pupae, pupae are singled out. This pupa is put into the cradle and pumped; They put the doll in the cake, here’s a little doll, bring it up and that’s it, let’s cut it.
- Start to cut, and there are young puppets sealed to break the cake.
- Unknown in dialect vocabulary of Perm Prikamye names for certain types of dolls differing in material, manufacturing technology, design features, functions, characteristic of other regions of residence of Russians.
- An exception is the term of a wrapper, denoting a doll made of a folded scarf. We have been messing with each other, we have come together. Instead of a child, a doll was made, a bag hung.
- Perm Russian dolls were made of different materials using different designs and technologies. The simplest ones include seasonal summer dolls made from leaves and grass, information about which is occasionally found in the Perm Prikamye. In the village of Kashka, Kuedinsky District, for example, such dolls were rolled out of a burdock leaf and tied up with grass: The doll was folded out of the cannons and the dresses were sewn and tied up with grass.
- Kuedinsky District also has a tradition of making puppet attributes from thistles’ inflorescences. Attaching them to each other, they formed carpets for a dollhouse, and sometimes they also made dresses for dolls.
The Use of the Nesting Dolls
Nesting dolls as a children’s toy were common in the Kama region. Making them was extremely simple, they were made of a bundle of nesting bent in half: They will take the nesting, double it, bind it, they don’t do it. They will do it with a hand [it is about size, meaning the distance from the hand to the elbow, such is cut (Tchaikovsky district, Marakushi village). Special were some ways to play with nesting dolls. In the village of Krasnaya Gorka, Kuedinsky district, they usually made several such dolls and played them on the table, forcing them to dance, for which the dolls were exposed on the tabletop, and under the table they beat their fists on the tabletop in time with the clock. From uniform blows, the dolls began to dance, walk in a circle or move erratically. Another option was to hold a doll dance on the floorboard: He walks around the floor, he walks. You can checkout an outstanding collection of traditional nesting dolls at NestingDolls
The child shakes the floorboard, the doll walk
In the village of Bub, Sivinsky district, when playing nesting dolls, they were put up on an inclined board, from which they also went down, dancing around Nesting dolls the constructions, as well as the fun with doll dances, are not exclusively Permian traditions, they are known in other regions of Russia. In single records, other variants of the formation of a nesting doll body are noted.
In this case, the doll was made by both the legs and the hands, as described from the village of Shoiv, Hayn district. Nesting dolls were made. A long bundle of nesting was twisted and tied. The arms were pulled out, and the legs were split in two, and then an eyelet, as it would be from a bend, a stick or other tuft of nesting was thrust in there. The lower part of the body of the doll was divided into two equal parts to get the legs.
They were also tied up closer to the edge (Hayn district, Seyva)
No less common, apparently, were dolls made of nesting, on whose nesting body was worn clothes. In some cases, the nesting served only as a frame for the doll, and on top it was covered with material, as in the Kurashim village of the Perm district. They will make it out of nesting, everything is wrapped. The head will also do, draw eyes, everything. But we did it out of nesting, still it was covered with material in another version, clothes were immediately put on a nesting base. These are the options you can have.